how to throw a circle change

how to throw a circle change

A Circle change is a type of pitch in baseball that is designed to deceive the batter by appearing to be a fastball, but then dropping suddenly just before reaching the plate. This pitch is typically thrown by pitchers with a strong fastball, as the change in speed and movement can be even more effective when compared to their other pitches. In this article, we will break down the fundamentals of the circle change and discuss how to throw it effectively.

History of the Circle Change

The circle change was first popularized by Hall of Fame pitcher Tom Seaver in the 1970s. Seaver was known for his devastating fastball, but he also had a changeup that was equally as effective. His circle change was unique in that he gripped the ball with his index and middle fingers forming a circle, hence the name. This grip allowed him to throw the pitch with the same arm speed and arm action as his fastball, making it extremely difficult for batters to pick up.

Since Seaver, many other pitchers have adopted the circle change as one of their primary pitches. Some notable examples include Pedro Martinez, Johan Santana, and Trevor Hoffman. These pitchers were able to consistently fool hitters with their circle change, leading to a high number of strikeouts and groundballs.

Grip and Arm Action

The key to throwing a successful circle change is the grip and arm action. As mentioned earlier, the circle change is thrown with the index and middle fingers forming a circle on top of the baseball. The thumb and ring finger should be placed on the bottom of the ball for support. This grip allows for maximum control and deception, as the ball is hidden from the batter’s view until it is released.

In terms of arm action, the pitcher should aim to throw the circle change with the same arm speed and arm action as their fastball. This is crucial in fooling the batter, as any change in arm speed or motion can tip them off to the pitch. It may take some practice to achieve the same arm action, but with repetition, it will become second nature.


The circle change is known for its late movement, which makes it difficult for batters to make solid contact. The grip and arm action play a significant role in creating this movement, but there are a few other factors that can contribute as well.

Firstly, the pitcher should aim to release the ball slightly later than they would with a fastball. This allows the ball to travel a bit further before dropping, giving it more time to deceive the batter. Secondly, the pitcher should focus on keeping their wrist relaxed and loose upon release. This will help to create natural movement on the ball, rather than trying to force it.


Like any other pitch in baseball, location is key when throwing a circle change. Ideally, the pitch should be aimed towards the lower half of the strike zone, just above the knees. This location makes it difficult for batters to hit the ball solidly, as they would have to either swing down at the pitch or let it drop into the strike zone.

However, it is also important to mix up the location of the circle change to keep the batter guessing. Throwing it high in the strike zone or on the outer half of the plate can also be effective, as it will look like a fastball until it drops. The key is to keep the batter off-balance and not allow them to get comfortable in the batter’s box.

Count and Sequencing

The circle change is most effective when used in certain counts and sequences. In general, it is best to throw the pitch when the batter is expecting a fastball. This can be in a 2-1 or 3-1 count, where the hitter is likely to be looking for a pitch they can drive. The circle change can also be used as a first-pitch surprise, catching the batter off-guard and setting the tone for the rest of the at-bat.

Sequencing is also important when throwing a circle change. It is most effective when used in conjunction with other pitches, such as the fastball or curveball. Throwing the circle change after a fastball can be particularly effective, as the batter’s timing will be thrown off by the change in speed.

Release Point and Follow-through

The release point and follow-through are often overlooked when it comes to throwing a circle change, but they are crucial in executing the pitch effectively. The release point should be similar to that of a fastball, with the arm coming through at a 3/4 or overhand angle. This will help to keep the pitch on a downward plane, making it more difficult for the batter to make solid contact.

The follow-through is also important, as it can help to create additional movement on the pitch. The pitcher should aim to finish their delivery with a strong extension towards the plate. This will create more downward movement on the ball and can also help to keep the pitcher’s arm healthy.

Practice and Repetition

As with any pitch in baseball, throwing a circle change takes practice and repetition. It may feel awkward at first, but with time and repetition, it will become a natural part of a pitcher’s repertoire. It is also important to throw the pitch in game-like situations, rather than just during bullpen sessions. This will allow the pitcher to get a feel for how the pitch moves and how to sequence it effectively.

Incorporating the Circle Change into Your Arsenal

The circle change can be a highly effective pitch for any pitcher, but it is not a pitch that can be mastered overnight. It takes time and dedication to develop the proper grip, arm action, movement, and location. However, with consistent practice and a good understanding of the fundamentals, any pitcher can add the circle change to their arsenal and become a more complete pitcher on the mound.

why cant i clear my safari history

Clearing your browser’s history is a common practice for those who value their online privacy and security. And if you’re an Apple user, you might be wondering why you can’t seem to clear your Safari history. In this article, we’ll delve into the reasons behind this issue and provide you with the necessary steps to successfully clear your Safari history.

Before we dive into the specifics, let’s first understand what a browser history is and why it’s important to manage it. Simply put, a browser history is a record of the websites you’ve visited while using a particular browser. It includes the URLs, page titles, and the time and date of your visits. The purpose of a browser history is to make it easier for you to revisit your favorite websites or pages without having to type in the entire URL again. It also helps browsers load pages faster as they already have the data stored in their cache.

However, there are instances where you might want to clear your browser history. For example, if you share your device with others, you might not want them to see the websites you’ve visited. Or, if you’re using a public computer , you wouldn’t want your sensitive information to be accessible to the next user. Moreover, clearing your browser history can also help improve your device’s performance by freeing up storage space.

Now, let’s get back to our main topic – why can’t you clear your Safari history? The answer lies in the way Apple has designed its browser and its approach towards user privacy. Unlike other browsers, Safari has certain restrictions when it comes to clearing your browsing history. Let’s take a closer look at these restrictions and how they affect your ability to clear your Safari history.

Firstly, let’s address the elephant in the room – the “Clear History” option in Safari. If you’re familiar with other browsers, you might have noticed that they have a simple and straightforward option to clear your browsing history. However, in Safari, this option is a bit more complicated. When you click on “Clear History”, a pop-up window appears asking you to choose a timeframe for clearing your history – “the last hour”, “today”, “today and yesterday”, or “all history”. This means that you can’t simply clear your entire browsing history with one click, which can be a bit frustrating for some users.

So, why did Apple decide to go with this approach? The main reason behind this is their focus on user privacy. By giving users the option to choose a specific timeframe for clearing their history, Apple is ensuring that users have control over what information is being deleted. For instance, if you only want to delete the websites you’ve visited in the last hour, you can do so without affecting the rest of your browsing history. This can be particularly useful if you’re using someone else’s device and only want to delete your recent browsing activity.

Apart from the “Clear History” option, there are a few more reasons why you might not be able to clear your Safari history. One of them is the “Private Browsing” mode. When you enable this mode, Safari won’t save your browsing history, cookies, or other data. This means that when you exit the Private Browsing mode, your browsing history will remain unchanged. So, if you’re trying to clear your history while in Private Browsing mode, you won’t see any changes. To disable Private Browsing, simply click on the “Private” button in the Safari toolbar and select “Private Browsing” again.

Another reason why you might not be able to clear your Safari history is due to iCloud syncing. If you have multiple Apple devices linked to the same iCloud account, your browsing history will be synced across all of them. This means that when you clear your history on one device, it will also be cleared on the others. So, if you’re trying to clear your Safari history on your iPhone, but your browsing history is still visible on your iPad, it’s because of iCloud syncing. To disable this, go to Settings > [your name] > iCloud > Safari and turn off the toggle for “Safari”. Keep in mind that this will also disable syncing of other Safari data like bookmarks and open tabs.

You might also encounter issues with clearing your Safari history if you have enabled the “Restrictions” feature on your device. This feature allows you to restrict certain actions like installing apps or making in-app purchases. However, if you have enabled restrictions for “Websites” and have selected the option to “Limit Adult Content”, you won’t be able to clear your browsing history. To fix this, go to Settings > General > Restrictions and enter your passcode. Then, select “Websites” and make sure that the option “Limit Adult Content” is turned off.

Lastly, if you’re still unable to clear your Safari history, it could be due to a glitch or bug in the browser. In such cases, the simplest solution would be to update your device’s software to the latest version. This will not only fix any bugs in the browser but also ensure that your device is running smoothly.

In conclusion, clearing your Safari history might not be as straightforward as it is in other browsers, but it’s not impossible. With the right knowledge and understanding of the restrictions and features of Safari, you can easily manage and clear your browsing history. Remember, Apple’s focus on user privacy is the reason behind these restrictions, so it’s always a good idea to have control over what information is being deleted. And now that you know the reasons behind why you can’t clear your Safari history, you’ll be able to troubleshoot and fix any issues you encounter.

did instagram remove likes

In recent years, social media platform Instagram has become a powerhouse in the world of social media, with over 1 billion active users worldwide. It has revolutionized the way we share and consume content, making it the go-to platform for influencers, businesses, and individuals alike. However, in a bold and unexpected move, Instagram announced in November 2019 that it would be removing the visible like count feature from its platform. This decision has sparked much debate and divided opinions among users, with some applauding the change and others expressing concerns about its potential impact. In this article, we will delve into the details of why Instagram removed likes, the potential effects of this change, and what it means for the future of the platform.

The visible like count feature on Instagram has been a staple since its inception, with users being able to see the number of likes on any post, including their own. It has become a measure of success and popularity on the platform, with many users striving to gain more likes on their posts. However, as the platform grew in popularity, so did the pressure to gain likes and the race to become the most liked or most followed user. This led to the rise of influencers and the phenomenon of buying fake likes and followers, which ultimately compromised the authenticity of the platform. Additionally, the constant comparison to others’ like counts has been linked to a decline in mental health and self-esteem among users, particularly young people.

Instagram’s decision to remove likes was driven by a desire to create a more positive and authentic environment on the platform. In a statement, Instagram CEO Adam Mosseri stated that the change was to “depressurize Instagram” and shift the focus from likes to the content itself. This move aligns with Instagram’s efforts to combat fake likes and followers, which have been a growing concern for the platform. By removing the visible like count, it becomes more difficult for users to gauge the popularity of a post and therefore makes buying likes less appealing.

The removal of likes has been met with mixed reactions from users, with some praising the change and others expressing concerns. Those in favor of the change argue that it will help to reduce the pressure and obsession with likes and promote a more authentic and genuine experience on the platform. It also allows users to focus on creating quality content rather than chasing likes. On the other hand, some users, particularly influencers and businesses, are worried about the potential impact on their engagement and revenue. Likes have been a vital metric for these users, and without it, they fear a decline in engagement and potential partnerships or collaborations.

One of the main benefits of removing the visible like count is that it will shift the focus back to the content itself. With likes no longer being a prominent feature, users will be forced to pay more attention to the actual content and engage with it based on its merit rather than its popularity. This could lead to a more diverse and creative platform, as users will be encouraged to post content that they genuinely enjoy rather than what they think will gain the most likes. It also allows for a more level playing field, as users with smaller followings will not be overshadowed by those with a large number of likes.

Another advantage of this change is the potential positive impact on mental health. As mentioned earlier, the constant comparison to others’ like counts has been linked to a decline in mental health and self-esteem. By removing the visible like count, users are less likely to feel the pressure to compete and compare themselves to others, leading to a more positive and healthy experience on the platform. This is especially beneficial for young people, who are more vulnerable to the negative effects of social media.

However, there are also concerns about the potential negative impact of removing likes. As mentioned earlier, influencers and businesses rely on likes as a measure of success and engagement. Without it, they may struggle to prove their influence and attract partnerships or collaborations. This could lead to a decline in revenue and could potentially force some influencers to leave the platform. Additionally, some users may feel that the removal of likes takes away the ability to express their appreciation for a post or content they enjoy.

It is worth noting that the removal of likes does not mean the end of engagement metrics on Instagram. Users can still see the number of likes on their own posts, and they have access to other metrics such as reach, saves, and shares. This information can be used to gauge the success of a post and measure engagement. In fact, Instagram claims that the change in the like count will not affect the overall engagement on the platform.

So, what does this change mean for the future of Instagram? It is still too early to tell, as the removal of likes is currently being tested in select countries, including Australia, Canada, and Brazil. However, if the change is well-received, it is likely that it will be implemented worldwide. This could lead to a significant shift in the way we use and perceive Instagram, and it may pave the way for other social media platforms to follow suit. It also highlights the power of social media platforms to influence and shape our behaviors and the responsibility they have in promoting a positive and healthy online environment.

In conclusion, Instagram’s decision to remove likes is a significant move that has sparked much debate and divided opinions. While some argue that it will lead to a more authentic, diverse, and positive platform, others have expressed concerns about its potential impact on engagement and revenue. Only time will tell the true effects of this change, but it is a step in the right direction towards creating a healthier and more authentic online community.

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